When a traumatic brain injury occurs, doctors declare the level of severity through determining a patient’s score on the Glasgow Coma Scale. The scale is a three part tests that measures motor, verbal, and eye opening responses of the injured. Within each section, points are given to the patient based on their condition.
The motor response section of the test gives up to six points. Points given are based off of the patient’s demonstrated condition: one for no response, two for extensor response, three for abnoral flexion, four for withdraws from noxious stimuli, five for localizes to noxious stimuli, and five for obeys command fully.
Secondly, the patient can receive up to five points for their verbal response. From one to five, they are no sounds, incomprehensible sounds, inappropriate words and jumbled phrases consisting of words, then confused yet coherent speech, and alert/oriented.
Lastly, eye opening is tested on a four point basis. One point is given to no eye opening, two for eyes open to pain, three for eyes open to speech, and four for spontaneous eye opening.
Once points are determined per section, they are added together. Doctors use the total number of points to determine the level of conciousness, which translates to the patient’s level for survival. A mild state is declared for a total score of 13-15, moderate disability for 9-12, severe disability for 2-8, and vegetative state for less than 3. If the vegetative state lasts longer than one month, a permanent vegetative state is declared. The most severe level for a patient’s outcome is when they are declared brain dead, meaning they lack all brain function.
All traumatic brain injuries can be measured on the Glasgow Coma Scale. Once the level of consciousness is determined by a doctor, procedures to take can ensue.
Mesothelioma is a fatal cancer caused by the exposure to asbestos fibers. Asbestos exposure is common in jobs such as construction workers, shipyard workers, miners and veterans as asbestos was commonly used in building materials and other products. Although the number of ways you can be exposed to mesothelioma, the disease itself is still rare and under researched. Due to this, there is not a reliable cure for mesothelioma and a number of treatments are still being tested.
Before considering treatment options for mesothelioma, after being diagnosed, it is important to find a trusted doctor that is right for your case. The choice can be affected by the stage at which the cancer has progressed, the location of the cancer in the body, and overall age and health of the patient.
If the cancer has not spread outside the chest, surgery can be an option for some patients. Mesothelioma affects the lining of the lungs and the surgery either removes the tumor or, in more serious procedures, parts of the lung itself is removed. Most long term survivors of mesothelioma undergo one form of the surgery undergoing radiation after the procedure. Although higher survival rates can be a result of the surgeries, many risks are associated with it. The complication rate of the surgeries is high and can even cause death in the patient. The surgeries do also not guarantee that the tumor will not grow back with some patients’ reappearing after the surgery was performed. It is a risky procedure but as many patients experience success, some of those diagnosed with mesothelioma see this as a viable treatment option.
Chemotherapy and radiation are a common treatment option for those diagnosed with mesothelioma. Chemotherapy uses oral or infusion based medication to kill cancerous cells in the body. The medication may also be directly infused into your lungs, abdomens, or other affected parts of the body. Although it does not provide a cure for mesothelioma, it is associated with a longer survival rate in patients. Radiation is another treatment option that is still being explored and tested for overall effectiveness. Both chemotherapy and radiation do not cure mesothelioma but improve quality of life and pain in the patient. View this website to learn more about mesothelioma and treatment options…
According to American Motorcyclist, there is no overall best motorcycle. When searching for your ideal bike, you must first figure out what you intend to use it for. Someone that enjoys easy riding will need a different bike than someone who wants to go hog wild. Here are some recommendations for you to make an informed decision about which motorcycle is right for you.
A standard is a bike for those that want to do a little bit of everything. These motorcycles make you feel more comfortable and like you have a better sense of control of the bike. Their tip-overs tend to also be less costly. For new riders, be wary of some of the larger standards. They can exceed 100 horsepower, which can sometimes be a lot for an inexperienced rider to handle.
If you want a motorcycle with speed, a sport-bike is right for you. They are usually lighter than other types of motorcycles, making them easier to transport. However, because these bikes are built for speed, their insurance runs higher.
Cruiser bikes are great for people who want a relaxed, smooth ride. These models have low seats and a low center of gravity. Although this is a preference for many people, for new riders the positioning may create some awkwardness at first.
If you want to road trip with your motorcycle, a tourer is your kind of bike. Tourers are comfortable and are made to combat the weather. They also come with integrated luggage to store your belongings in. Tourers are, however, more expensive, but for those that see their distinctive qualities as necessities they are worth the price tag.
Although riding motorcycles is a fun and popular hobby, it is not without risk. A personal injury attorney in Louisville can explain that since motorcyclists have very little to protect them in accidents, their injuries tend to be worse than those involved in regular car accidents,
Clinical trials are supposed to be carried out for any kind of drug before they are sold to the public to determine if they are safe for use, not after. They are also designed to identify certain classes of people or conditions which will be adversely affected by it. This is true for over-the-counter medication and prescription drugs, and it is the responsibility of the drug manufacturer to carry them out. In most cases, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will require these trials prior to approval for use for specific conditions.
In the case of the anti-emetic drug Zofran (ondansetron) produced and marketed by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), the drug company carried out clinical trials that showed it was highly effective for suppressing nausea associated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and post surgery. However, the clinical trials presumably did not go far enough, because recent studies show that it could increase the risk of developing heart arrhythmia. And that isn’t even the biggest problem. The problem is with its off-label use to treat severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Zofran has been associated with causing birth defects.
Studies were undertaken to prove it one way or the other. The results, however, are maddeningly vague. There are “indications” or “failed to find” results that instead of clearing up the matter for the public, merely muddy up the waters. According to Williams Kherkher’s website about the Zofran lawsuit, it falls on affected patients to come forward and tell their stories in order to gather evidence that will prove the drug does cause birth defects.
GSK has already been made to pay for encouraging the drug’s use for NVP although it was not approved for that purpose by the FDA. However, because GSK insists that Zofran is safe for pregnant women and studies show conflicting results, women continue to be prescribed with the drug for NVP.
If you have been prescribed with Zofran for NVP, and you child had birth defects, you may be able to help. Contact a Zofran lawyer in your area to add your voice to women who have been similarly harmed.
Child safety is one of the paramount concerns of parents, which is why most would make considerable effort to ensure that the products they buy for their children are safe. This includes their food, clothes, shoes, beds, strollers, and car seats. Most would pay a premium to buy brands that have a reputation for strict safety standards. As pointed out on the Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ® website, however, it doesn’t matter what brand your car seat is; if the manufacturer fails to properly test their products before selling them, your child is in danger. As it is turning out, one of these is Graco.
Graco is perhaps one of the more recognizable brands of child car seats and other baby products, with an income of $1.1 billion reported for 2013. The Atlanta-based company was founded in 1942 and was acquired by Rubbermaid in 1996.
In 2010, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission announced that Graco was voluntarily recalling some of their most popular models of strollers and car seats because they had a high risk of laceration and fingertip amputation. More recently, Graco again issued a recall for more than 3 million of their harnessed booster and toddler convertible car seats manufactured between 2009 and 2013 for a defective buckle that could be difficult to unlatch in an emergency. Graco claims that no injuries caused by the defective party had been reported.
This claim may be true or not, but as one parent put it, children have been in a constant state of danger for years because the company knew about the defect but failed to warn them about it until recently. Events may also unfold that would reveal that some preventable child injuries and deaths in the past may have been due to these defective car seats.
If you suspect that your child was injured because of a defective car seat or other untested product meant for children, you could be right. Consult with an experienced defective car seat lawyer in your area to discuss your case.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) prohibits any discriminatory acts (based on age) against persons 40 years and older in matters wherein employment conditions or privileges are the issues; these, of course, include hiring, promotion, retention of employment, job assignment, compensation and benefits, training, layoff, and all other employment-related issues. The protection provided by ADEA is intended for both job applicants and employees and the Act itself applies to state and local governments, labor organizations, employment agencies and all private companies with 20 or more employees (this Act also provides protection for US citizens hired and working for US employers overseas, so long as no laws of that country will be violated by the Act).
ADEA offers protection against discrimination based on age as well as against any form of retaliatory acts. This latter protection is also provided by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which makes it unlawful for an employer or manager to retaliate against an employee who: complains about age discrimination practices in the workplace; files a complaint to the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) about a violation on any of the stipulations of ADEA (or other discriminatory acts based on other reasons); or, participates or testifies in an investigation or lawsuit proceedings regarding employment discrimination.
Some of the other types of protection that ADEA provides include:
- The non-inclusion of age specification, limit or preference in job advertisements and notices, unless in jobs where age is a bona fide occupational qualification, such as an actor supposed to play the role of a young adult in a film
- Strictly limiting inquiries regarding a person’s age (during job interviews) for lawful purposes, such as to determine the possible length of service a person may be able to render. This is applicable in jobs like an airline pilot or bus driver which requires a mandatory retirement age
- Prohibition of offensive remarks about a person’s age, which may be construed as harassment (except when such remarks are made as offhand comments or simple ways of teasing and not as insults on the person concerned)
- Prohibition on employers to deny older employees the work benefits that they legally deserve. However, since the law recognizes the fact that costs of certain benefits provided to older employees are higher than the cost of same benefits when provided for younger workers, the law allows employers, in limited circumstances, to reduce benefits based on age, so long as the cost of the reduced benefits to older workers and the cost of the benefits provided to younger workers are the same.
With regard to making remarks about a person’s age, the law firm of Cary Kane LLP explains on its website that if such remarks are made too often, leading to the creation of a hostile working environment or resulting to employment decisions that will demote or end the older worker’s employment, then it would be necessary to consult a legal counsel. Having a competent lawyer, to protect one’s rights, becomes more essential if the older employee gets to be asked to sign accept a severance package in exchange for signing a release form.
A report from the state adult protection agency estimates that there has been a significant rise in nursing home abuse and neglect incidents in Kentucky’s elder care facilities from 18% in 2010 to 28% in 2011.
The Cabinet for Health and Family Services are only able to estimate the actual incidence rates from existing data gathered for the Elder Abuse in Kentucky report because many of these go unreported. As an article on the Sampson Law Firm website points out, many of the elderly are unable or afraid to report neglect or abuse, something that abusers and negligent nursing home staff count on, enabling them to act with impunity. This may be the reason for the escalating numbers in nursing home abuse despite increasing attention on the problem.
Kentucky has one of the fastest aging population in the US, which means that there are more people over 60 in proportion to its total population than most other states. This is a serious problem as Kentucky is also among the worst ranking states when it comes to elder care according to the United Health Foundation and the American Association of Retired Persons.
The elderly are among the most vulnerable population segments, especially if they suffer from physical and/or mental problems that make them dependent on others. While elder abuse is certainly not confined to nursing homes or other long-term care facilities, the abuse or neglect is more likely to go unremarked because they have been pulled out of a regular community.
There have been increased efforts to improve the situation for elderly Kentuckians as a result of the governor’s initiative towards nursing home reform following an article series in the Lexington Herald-Leader entitled “Voiceless & Vulnerable: Nursing Home Abuse” published in 2010. Gov. Steve Beshear put the machinery into motion that would improve the outlook for the elderly in long-term care facilities.
In the meantime, nursing home abuse is ongoing and needs to be addressed. If you suspect nursing home abuse as a friend or relative of a nursing home resident in Kentucky, report it to the proper authorities. At the same time, consult with a skilled nursing home negligence lawyer to help you build a personal injury case against the responsible parties.
The state of Illinois follows the modified comparative fault which means that you can get compensation seven if you have some fault for the accident, but the amount will be deducted by the percentage that is equal to your share of liability. However, if your liability for the accident is over 50 percent, you will not be given compensation under the Illinois comparative negligence law. Because of these laws, it is important to have car insurance to make sure that your wellbeing and property are covered in an event of an accident.
Because of the “fault” system that the state of Illinois follows, the person or persons who are liable for an accident is legally responsible for compensating those who have been injured or suffered property damage. This generally means that, directly or indirectly, the at-fault driver’s insurance company will cover for the damages and losses that the victims have gone through. Being the victim, you can get compensation is three ways: first is by filing a personal injury claim against the person or persons at-fault for the accident, second is by filing a claim to your insurance company (expecting that the loss is included), and lastly by filing a claim straight to the at-fault person’s insurance company. Chicago car insurance companies, just as with any companies is other states, have requirements. Illinois laws demand their motorists to have liability insurance, namely: $20,000 for death or injury of one person (whether you, a passenger, pedestrian, or another driver), $15,000 to cover for property damage, and $40,000 for injury or death or more than one person due to the accident.
As Insure on the Spot have determined, it is more expensive to NOT have insurance rather than having one. Accidents can be very expensive, and being in one without car insurance can cause serious financial issues to you and your family. Being a motorist, you shouldn’t be getting car insurance just because the law requires it, but because you need to be financially covered for possible medical and repair expenses to yourself and other people should an accident occur.
As the aging population grows, laws have been made to help them with issues that they may encounter. Elder law is the area of juridical practice that cover various categories, generally in order to provide legal services for senior citizens and even for young people who require special needs. When thinking about planning for living the remaining years of your life, it is important to know how the Elder Law could help you or just your loved one. Not having enough information when planning for the future often results to more problems.
Knowing what to expect and what you want to know before consulting with an elder law lawyer play a vital role in getting what you want. Because elder law can become complicated and confusing to those who are not really aware of it, it would be best to research more about the matter. Having the right questions to ask an elder law lawyer would help the process or planning easier and smoother. If you ask any Chicago elder law lawyer, they can attest that having a lawyer by your side can aid in determining the best option for long-term health care, evaluate your needs in connection with federal tax, Medicaid, Medicare, property laws, and social security. Furthermore, when you already have an understanding of elder law, you can easily talk with your Chicago elder law lawyer regarding the drafting of trusts and wills, and even advising you on how to move forward in accordance to present laws.
Various states can have their own laws regarding elder law, therefore it is important that you seek a lawyer who specializes and knows the laws in your state. Consulting with an elder lawyer would serve as understanding the guidelines on how to work through the health care system. Because elder law is a pretty new arm of law, there may be many changes and updates that would affect your case.
When you have been in a car accident, it is important to determine the one who caused the accident. Establishing who caused the accident would make filing for an insurance claim or a personal injury claim easier and smoother. If you were the victim or a careless or reckless action on another motorist, you have the right to file for an insurance or injury claim. However, what may complicate the claims would be the different laws and regulations the each state in the US has regarding car accidents and injury claims.
Being a victim who will file an insurance or injury claim, it is important to know how these different state laws will affect the case and possible settlement or compensation that would be given. In the state of Michigan, for example, a Detroit personal injury lawyer would inform you that you have three years to file a case against the person at-fault for the accident. This statute of limitations generally begins on the day of the accident, and exceptions such as not fully “discovering” any injuries until after the accident would alter the start of the statute of limitations. Additionally, Michigan follows the Comparative Negligence rule, which indicate that any compensation you will receive will be influenced or eventually reduced by the percent of liability you may have to the accident. Your compensation may be reduced depending on the amount of fault for the injuries, and even have a chance of being eliminated if the fault is determined to be more than 50 percent.
The comparative negligence rule is also applied in the state of Texas, and because this is required to be applied in personal injury claims, many insurance adjusters tend to use this argument in court. The difference between the state of Michigan and Texas when it comes to injury laws is that in Texas, you only have two years to file for an insurance or injury claim following an accident. Because this statute of limitation sets the time restraints of filing for a personal injury claim, immediately contacting a Houston personal injury lawyer to help you set up the case would ensure that your chances for compensation will not be lost. Furthermore, there are limits or caps on the amount of compensation you can be given, as well as the amount of settlement. This is another reason why contacting a lawyer who knows the state laws in your area is important before actually filing a personal injury claim.